Caution Notice

Volume 1, Issue 1

Home / Journal / Browse Issues / Journal Of General Management Research /
Volume 1, Issue 1

Examining the Impact of Training Practices and Employee Empowerment on the Organizational Productivity


Pooja Sharma and Richa Sharma


Jiwaji University, Gwalior, India


Training is of growing importance to companies seeking to gain an advantage among competitors. Empowered employees have an increased sense of ownership in their organization. The purpose of research is to study the significant impact of Training practices and employee empowerment on the organizational productivity in the context of service organization i.e private banks in Gwalior. Three variables were being examined which includes training practices and employee empowerment (independent variable) and organizational productivity (dependent variable). The study provides a refresh insight of the significant role of training and employee empowerment on the productivity of an organization. The data was collected from sample size of 100 respondents. The result of data from target respondents was analyzed in the form of descriptive analysis, reliability and factor analysis. To find out the impact training and employee empowerment on organizational productivity, multiple regression was used. Result showed that there is significant impact of training practices and employee empowerment on the organizational productivity.


Training Practices, Employee Empowerment, Organizational Productivity.

  1. Michael J.Jucious: Principles of personnel Management, Richard D. Irwin, Homewood, p.250, 1976.
  2. Edwin B. Flippo: Personnel Management, McGraw-Hill Book Company, New York, (sixth edition), p. 200, 1984.
  3. John W. Newstrom and Keith Davis: “Organizational Behaviour: Human Behavior at work,” Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company limited. New Delhi, p.227, 1998.
  4. J.I. Cotton: Employee involvement, Sage, Newbury Park, CA, pp.3-14, 1993.
  5. J. Kendrick, “Productivity trends in the United States”. Princeton University press. p. 630, 1961.
  6. A.P Bartel, “Productivity Gains from the Implementation of Employee Training Programs”, Industrial Relations, 33(4): 411–25, 1994.
  7. M Raghuram, “Linking Staffing and Training Practices with Business Strategy: A Theoretical Perspective”, Human Resource Development Quarterly, 5(3): 237–51, 1994.
  8. J.P. McDuffie, and T.A. Kochan, “Do US Firms Invest Less in Human Resources? Training in the World Auto Industry”, Industrial Relations, 34(2): 147–68, 1995.
  9. E.F. Holton, “Large-scale Performance-Driven Training Needs Assessment”, Public Personnel Management, 29(2): 249–67, 2000.
  10. G.S Becker, “Human capital: A theoretical and empirical analysis with special reference to education” (3rd ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press,1993
  11. W.F. Cascio, Applied psychology in personal management (4th ed.), Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 301-317, 1991.
  12. P.J.Dowling, and D.E. Welch, “International Human Resource Management: Managing People in a Multinational Context.” (4th Ed), (Mason, O.H: Thomson South-Western), 2005.
  13. Colombo, Emilio & Stanca, Luca. “The Impact of Training on Productivity: Evidence fi-om a Large Panel of Firms”, Available at SSRN, 2008.
  14. Facundo Sepulveda, “Training and Productivity: Evidence for US Manufacturing Industries” Available at SSRN. 2005.
  15. Konings, Jozef & Vanormelingen, Stijn,” The Impact of training on Productivity and Wages: Firm Level Evidence”, Discussion paper No. 244, Available at SSRN, 2009.
  16. B. Kaufman, & J. Hotchkiss, Economics of Labor Markets (7th ed.). Mason, OH: Thomson South- Western, 2006.
  17. A. Krueger, and C. Rouse, , “The effect of workplace education on earnings, turnover, and job performance”. Journal of Labor Economics, 16(1): 61-94, 1998.
  18. Rohan Singh and Madhumita Mohanty, “Impact of Training Practices on Employee Productivity: A Comparative Study”, Interscience Management Review (IMR) ISSN: 2231-1513 Volume-2, Issue-2, 2012.
  19. Dr. Harsh Dwevidi and Ona Ladiwal, “Training Practices in Indian Organizations: An Overview.” HRM Review, Vol. XI, No. 7, 2011
  20. R.W Hilton, “Managerial accounting: creating value in dynamic business environment”. In Cherry C. K. (ed.), Reengineering: Harnessing creativity and innovation. Journal of Cost Accounting, 8(2), 49, 2002.
  21. D.E. Bowen and E.E. Lawler, “The Empowerment of Service Workers: What, Why, How, and When.” Sloan Management Review, 33: 31-39, 1992
  22. R. Cacioppe, “Structured empowerment: An award – winning program at the Burswood resort hotel”. Leadership Organ. Dev. J., 19(5): 264-274, 1998
  23. Blanchard Kenneth and j. karluse and a. Randolph, Employee empowerment, Translator Mehdi Iran nejad parizi, Tehran, 2006.
  24. N. Nick, I.S. Jack, RN Warren, W Barbara, “Empowerment in organizations”, 2(3): 45-55, 1994.
  25. K.P. Chen, “A Study on the Impact of Empowerment on Employee Performance in the Automotive Industry in Malaysia”, MA Thesis, Submitted to the Centre for Graduate Studies, Open University Malaysia, 2011), Retrieved from:
  26. L. Holden, Employee Involvement and Empowerment. Retrieved from: opl/hold.pdf, accessed on 2001.
  27. V.A. Zeithaml, L.L. Berry and A. Parasuraman, “Communication and control processes in the delivery of service quality”. J. Marketing, 52(2): 35-48, 1988.
  28. M.Rafiq and P.K. Ahmed, “A contingency model for empowering customer-contact services employees”. Manage. Decis, 36(10): 686-694, 1998.
  29. S.M. Heathfield, Empowerment Definition and Examples of Empowerment. Retrieved from: mpowerment_def.htm, accessed on 2012.
  30. G.M spreitzer,”Psychological empowerment in the work place: Dimensions, measurement and validation”, Academy of Management Journal, Vol 38 No.5 1442-1465, 1995.
  31. Md. Abdur Raquib, R. N. Anantharaman and Uchenna Cyril Eze, “Empowerment Practices and Performance in Malaysia – An Empirical Study”, International Journal of Business and Management, vol.5, No.1, 2010.
  32. Hasan Tutar, Mehmet Altinoz and Demet Cakiroglu, “The effects of employee empowerment on achievement motivation and the contextual performance of employees”, African Journal of Business Management Vol.5(15), pp. 6318-6329, 2011.